Fractures are very common; it is a medical term for a broken bone. It occurs when the force applied on the bone is stronger than the bone itself. If you break a bone whether in your arm and leg, it may just need to wear splint, cast or brace to hold it in place during the healing process.
There are some conditions when the fracture or broken bone is required to be fixed with the help of surgery using metal plates, rods or pins. Although bones are living tissues, however when it breaks, it has the ability to heal itself. For that bones have to be aligned in place (kept immobilized) for a longer period of time to make sure that it heals in the right position.
Types of fractures
- There are several types of fractures such as:
- Displaced fracture
- Non-displaced fracture
- Open fracture
- Close fracture
Surgical Management of Fracture
There are certain fracture management surgeries to treat the condition that arise through several bone fracture:
During the procedure the surgeon, after the anesthesia has been injected to the patient, makes a cut to open up the area where the fracture has occurred. In order to fix the bone in its place, the surgeon moves the bone back into their usual position. It is called reduction (reducing the fracture). Next, the surgeon uses a combination of metal, wires, pin, screws, plates and rods to safely fix the bones in the place. These are made up of stainless steel, high-strength alloy metal or titanium. The metal rods and nails are fixed inside your bones and the screws and metal plates attached with its surface. These materials are designed to work as per the requisition of the body so that they do not cause any allergic reaction. After the surgery the surgeon closed your skin using stitches or staple.
Surgery for External Fixation
In this surgical management the surgeon drills the pins through the skin of the patient and into the bone of the above and below of break areas. After that they join them together with a metal bar which is located on the outside of your body. It properly stabilizes your bone and ascertains that the it heals in the appropriate position.
External fractures are often applied in the management of tibial fractures. It can also be used with the closed fractures, such as unstable radius fracture and avoid in deeper bone such as femur or humerus.
During the keyhole operation the surgeon makes cuts in your skin and inserts supporting plated to fix the break. Knee arthroscopy is the example of keyhole surgery. The patient recovers much faster as compare to open surgery. However, it is not perfect solution of all kind of broken bones.
Precaution and Recovery
It is very essential for the patient to take precautionary step after fracture surgery has done. You may need to remove some of your screws, pins and metal plates when your bones have healed. It totally depends on the type of fractures you have and where it is. Sometimes the metal parts stay in place for the rest of your life. The surgeon can also refer you to see the physiotherapist who will further help you to build up strength in your bones and muscles and to ease any stiffness. It may take several months to completely get back to normal, but you should ask the surgeon to give you more exact idea.